The castle of the five corners
The SalvaTierra Castle, also known as the Castle of the Five Corners, can be seen from most corners of Cazorla. It is located at the top of the hill of Salvatierra, founded on the limestone of the base rock.
It was built in the last third of the fourteenth century, on the remains of an ancient Arab fortification, probably by Archbishop Pedro Tenorio and contemporary of the tower of the Tribute of the Castle of the Yedra, to reinforce the defense of the capital of the Adelantado and prevent possible offensive actions of the Nasrids of Granada.
Its plant is complex because at least three clearly defined spaces are observed from east to west:
1 – A fairly deteriorated trapezoidal enclosure, difficult to define.
2 – The central enclosure, rectangular in plan, possibly with a tower in the middle.
3 – The five-corner tower with a rectangular courtyard.
Due to the existing ceramic remains and the architectural elements used, at least we know that both the eastern and central precincts are from the same era. The type of factory used, as well as the Sillarejo and the stonework used in its walls, determine its coetaneity. Possibly from a moment from the middle to the end of the 12th century, coinciding with the Almohade domination of Al-Andalus and with the Christians very close to the north.
From this moment important wall canvases and habitat structures are preserved, with square or rectangular plan.
The western enclosure with the tower is the most interesting architecturally. The stone used and the type of ashlars differ significantly, both in size and in stonework, using the traditional tuff of the area for those more delicate parts of the construction. The wall canvas of the southern part is superb in its size and thickness and seeks to join the construction of the previous era to align with it.
But it will be the tower that stands out above the rest. It is displaced towards the westernmost part of the complex, as if that were the place to which it owes its function. Its plant is an irregular pentagon. It has two floors in height, plus the cover, possibly crenellated. The ground floor is accessed by a bay with pointed arch and possibly had a double door. The interior room is rectangular, divided by a pointed arch that divides the room.
The vaults are of crucería, made in brick, of magnificent factory. In the background, the triangle that forms the pentagon, is the access to the upper floor with an excellent spiral staircase made of stone, architecturally very well resolved. The first floor is also rectangular with a half barrel vault, an excellent factory.
This construction presents architectural features closer to the Christian world, perhaps by the sources, of the fourteenth century. Almost certainly unfinished as a whole, but that perhaps served together with the rest of the fortress, as a place of defense to Christians, from Muslim incursions from the west, from the Quesada area.
You can see the location of this Monument in Callejero de Cazorla by pressing